As part of ANTAM's commitment to effectively implement GCG, ANTAM
has formed the Risk Management Division which is responsible to the President
Director. The monitoring and management of material business risk is conducted
based on Risk Management Policy No. 373.K/01/DAT/2015 which the latest was
signed by the President Director on 10 December 2015. The policy guides ANTAM's
employees to effectively conduct risk management process and activities in
accordance to existing regulations an to ensure the equal perception and
understanding on risk management as well as the realization of continual risk
management process to ensure a coordinated and integrated risk management and
to ensure the strategic initiatives are inline with corporate strategy.
ANTAM's Financial Risks include:
a. Commodity Price Risk
The Group's trade receivables from ferronickel and nickel ore sales are directly linked to LME price index. As at December 31, 2018, if the LME nickel price had weakened/strengthened by 5% (assuming all other variables remain unchanged), the profit before income tax of the Group would have been lower/higher by approximately Rp29,163,980 (2017: Rp32,759,963).
b. Foreign Exchange and Interest Rate Risks
The Group's revenue and cash position are mostly in US Dollars while most of the Group's operating expenses are in Indonesian Rupiah. In addition, the Group also has significant borrowings in US Dollars. Thus, the Group suffers from the negative effect of the Indonesian Rupiah weakening against the US Dollar. As at December 31, 2018, if the Rupiah had weakened/strengthened by 5% against US Dollar (assuming all other variables remain unchanged), the profit before income tax of the Group would have been lower/higher by approximately Rp293,570,533 (2017: Rp139,852,614), mainly as a result of foreign exchange losses/gains on translation of the US Dollar denominated net liabilities. The Group is exposed to cash flow interest rate risks from its floating interest-bearing loan. The Group analyses its interest rate exposure on a dynamic basis. Various scenarios are simulated taking into consideration refinancing, renewal of existing positions, alternative financing and hedging. Based on these scenarios, the Group calculates the impact on profit or loss of a defined interest rate shift. As at December 31, 2018, if the loan interest rates had increased/decreased by 0.1% (assuming all other variables remain unchanged), the profit before income tax of the Group would have been lower/higher by approximately Rp1,260,509 (2017: Rp407,851).
c. Credit Risk
Credit risk is the risk that the Group will incur a loss arising from their customers' or third parties' failure to fulfil their contractual obligations. There are no significant concentrations of credit risk. The Group manages and controls this credit risk by setting limits on the amount of risk its is willing to accept for individual customers and by monitoring exposures in relation to such limits. The Group is confident in their ability to continue to control and maintain minimal exposure to credit risk, since the Group has clear policies on the selection of customers, legally binding agreements in place for mineral commodity sales transactions and historically low levels of bad debts. The Group's general policy for mineral commodity sales to new and existing customers is to select customers in a strong financial condition and with a good reputation. The maximum exposure to credit risk for the Group is equal to the carrying value of the financial assets as shown in the consolidated statements of financial position.
d. Liquidity Risk
Prudent liquidity risk management includes managing the profile of borrowing maturities and funding sources, maintaining sufficient cash and marketable securities and the ability to close out market positions. The Group's ability to fund their borrowing requirements is managed by maintaining diversified funding sources with adequately committed funding lines from high-quality lenders. The Group is exposed to liquidity risk on account of their bonds and capital loans for their projects. The contractual due date of financial liabilities such as trade payables, accrued liabilities, other payables and short-term bank loans are less than one year, except for financial liabilities such as bonds payable and investment loans. The amounts disclosed in the below are the contractual undiscounted cash flows